Vëllezërit Manaki

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Statuja e Milto Manaki në Bitola.
Shtëpia e Milto Manaki në Bitola.
Sign outside of the house of Manaki in Bitola.

Vëllezërit Manaqi apo siç njihen nëpër kulturat e tjera ballkanike si Ianachia (Avdella, 1878 – Thessaloniki, 1954) dhe Milton Manachia (Avdella, 1882 – Bitola, 1964) kanë qënë fotografë dhe filmbërës pionier në Ballkan. Në 1905 ata filmuan filmin e parë motion pictures in the Balkans in Ottoman Monastir (modern Bitola, Republika e Maqedonisë). Për nderim të punës së tyre, the International Cinematographers' Film Festival "Manaki Brothers"[1] is held every year in Bitola, the city where they were most famous[citim i duhur]. In total, they took over 17,300 photographs in 120 localities.

Emrat[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

Vëllezërit mund te kene qene edhe shqiptarë por burimet tregojnë se janë vllehë të ardhur nga zona juglindore e Shqipërisë. Ata shpesh janë quajtur Janaqi dhe Milto Manaki, Manaqi ose Manakia. They are also refer to using the Macedonian (Јанаки and Милтон Манаки) dhe Greek (Γιαννάκης and Μιλτιάδης Μανάκιας) variants of their names. Collectively they are called "the Manaki brothers" or less commonly "the Manakis brothers".

Biografia[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

Ianaki dhe Milto Manakia kanë lindur në 1878 dhe 1882 ne nje fshat të vogel vlleh me emrin Avdella (modern Αβδέλλα, Greece), in the Ottoman vilayet of Monastir.

In 1905, they purchased a Bioscope camera in London and used it to capture a variety of subjects: their 114 year old grandmother spinning wool in Avdela; visits by government officials to Monastir, including Sultan Mehmed V (1911), King Peter and Prince Alexander of Serbia (1913), and King Constantine and Prince Paul of Greece (1918); local festivals and weddings; and revolutionary activities. They opened the first cinema in Bitola, first open-air (1921), then covered (1923). Their archive of film footage was deposited in the State Archive of the People's Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in 1955, and transferred to the Cinémathèque of the Yugoslav Socialist Republic of Macedonia in 1976. The annual Manaki Brothers International Film Camera Festival, commemorating them, is held in Bitola. The plot of Theo Angelopoulos's film Ulysses' Gaze revolves around the fictional and metaphoric quest for a lost, undeveloped reel of film taken by the Manakis brothers before the Balkans were split by the forces of nationalism. It opens with the images of their grandmother spinning wool.

Filmografia[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

  • 1918 - Welcoming of the Greek King and Heir to the Throne Paul by General Bojovic, in Bitola
  • 1911 - The Funeral of the Metropolitan Aimilianos of Gravena
  • 1911 - Welcoming of Sultan Mehmed V Reshad, in Bitola
  • 1908 - Greeting of Second Constitutional Era, in Bitola
  • 1905 - Spinning Women (Avdela)

Gjatësia përgjithshme e pjesëve filmike të bëara nga vëllezërit Manaqi arrin rreth një orë e gjysëm.

Burime[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

Bibliografia[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

  • Exarchos, Giorgis. Αδελφοί Μανάκια: πρωτοπόροι του κινηματογράφου στα Βαλκάνια και το "Βλαχικόν ζήτημα" (The Brothers Manakia: Pioneers of the Cinema in the Balkans and the "Vlach Question"). Athens: Gavriilidis, 1991.
  • Igor Stardelov. "Preservation of Manaki Brothers Film Heritage". Journal of Film Preservation, April 1997, 26:54:27-30.

Lidhje të jashtme[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]