Mor Jokai

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Mor Jokai

Mor Jokai (18 shkurt 1825 – 5 maj 1904) është shkrimtar, dramaturg dhe novelist i shquar hungarez.

Biografia[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

U lind në Komarom asokohe pjesë e Mbretërisë Hungareze. Mësimet formale i filloi vetëm në moshën 10 vjeçare në Bratisllavë të Sllovakisë. Arsimimin e tij e vazhdoi në Kolegjin Kalvinist të qytetit Papa të Hungarisë ku studioi për drejtësi dhe ku u njoh me njerëz të shquar të kohës. Ishte shkrimtar aktiv deri në fund të jetës së tij.[1]

Është autor i rreth 100 veprave letrare, kryesishtë romane dhe novela, të botuara dhe të përkthyera në 25 gjuhë të botës. Për shqiptarët shkroi dy vepra. E para është romani historik “Ditët e fundit të jeniçerëve’ - Hun:"Janicsárok végnapjai", që i kushtohet Luanit të Janinës, Ali Pashë Tepelena. Në gjuhën angleze ky roman është botuar në vitin 1897 me titull "The Lion of Janina". Vepra tjetër është romani poashtu historik me titull “Trëndafili i bardhë”, Hun: "A fehér rózsa", që i kushtohet kryengritjes së jeniçerëve shqiptarë në Stamboll në krye me Halil Patronën. Edhe kjo vepër është përkthyer në gjuhën angleze mirëpo me titullin "Halil the Pedlar". Në vitin 1917 është xhiruar një film në bazë të përmbajtjes së romanit të Mor Jokait për Halil Patronën.[2]

Vepra[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

  • "Hétköznapok" (Weekdays), 1846
  • "Vadon virágai" (Flowers of the Wild) 1848
  • "Forradalmi és csataképek" (Pictures of Revolution and Fight), 1850 ( Hungarian Sketches in Peace and War, 1854)
  • "Erdély aranykora" (The Golden Age of Transylvania), 1852 ( Midst the Wild Carpathians, 1894)
  • "Török világ Magyarországon" (Turkish World in Hungary), 1852 ( The Slaves of the Padishah, 1902)
  • "A kalózkirály" (The King of the Pirates), 1852-53 (The Corsair King, 1901)
  • "Egy magyar nábob" (A Hungarian Nabob), 1853 ( An Hungarian Nabob, 1898)
  • "A fehér rózsa" (The White Rose), 1854 (in English: Halil the Pedlar - translated by R. Nisbet Bain, 1901)
  • "Janicsárok végnapjai" (The Last Days of the Janissaries), 1854 (The Lion of Janina, 1897)
  • "Kárpáthy Zoltán" (Zoltán Kárpáthy), 1854
  • "Szomorú napok" (Sad Days), 1848-56 (The Day of Wrath, 1900)
  • "A régi jó táblabírák" (The Good Old Justices), 1856
  • "Az elátkozott család" (Doomed Family), 1858
  • "Szegény gazdagok" (Poor Rich), 1860 (Poor Plutocrats, 1899)
  • "Politikai divatok" (Political Fashions), 1862
  • "Az új földesúr" (The New Squire), 1863 (The New Landlord, 1868)
  • "Felfordult világ" (An Upturned World), 1863
  • "Mire megvénülünk" (By the Time We Grow Old), 1865 (Debts of Honor , 1900)
  • "Szerelem bolondjai" (Maniacs of Love), 1868
  • "A kőszívű ember fiai" (The Heartless Man's Sons), 1869 (The Baron's Sons, 1900)
  • "Fekete gyémántok" (Black Diamonds), 1870 (Black Diamonds, 1896)
  • "És mégis mozog a Föld" (And Yet It Moves), 1872
  • "Az arany ember" (The Golden Man), 1872
  • "A jövő század regénye" (The Novel of the Next Century), 1872-74 (A Novel of the Coming Century)
  • "Enyim, tied, övé" (It's Mine, It's Yours, It's His), 1875
  • "Egész az északi pólusig!" (Up to the North Pole!), 1875
  • "Az élet komédiásai" (Comedians of the Life), 1876
  • "Egy az Isten" (God is One), 1876 (Manasseh, 1901)
  • "Névtelen vár" (Nameless Castle), 1877 (The Nameless Castle, 1898)
  • "Szép Mikhál" (Pretty Mikhál), 1877 (Pretty Michal, 1891)
  • "Görögtűz" (Greek Fire), 1877
  • "Rab Ráby" (Ráby the Prisoner), 1879 (The Strange Story of Ráby, 1909)
  • "Egy hirhedett kalandor a 17. századból" (An Infamous Scoundrel from the 17th Century), 1879 (Told by the Death's Head, 1903)
  • "Szabadság a hó alatt vagy a Zöld könyv" (Freedom under the Snow; or, The Green Book), 1879 (The Green Book, 1897)
  • "Páter Péter" (Friar Péter), 1881 ( Peter the Priest, 1897)
  • "Akik kétszer halnak meg" (Those Who Will Die Two Times), 1881-2
  • "Szeretve mind a vérpadig" (Loved up until the Scaffold), 1882
  • "Egy játékos, aki nyer" (A Player Who Wins), 1882
  • "Bálványosvár" (The Castle of the Idols), 1883
  • "Minden poklokon keresztül" (Through All the Hells), 1883
  • "A lőcsei fehér asszony" (The White Woman from Lőcse), 1884
  • "A cigánybáró" (The Gipsy Baron), 1885
  • "Életemből" (From my Life), 1886
  • "A kiskirályok" (The Viceroys), 1886
  • "A három márvány fej" (The Three Marble Heads), 1887
  • "A lélekidomár" (The Trainer of the Souls), 1888-9
  • "Gróf Benyovszky Móricz életrajza", (The Biography of Count Móricz Benyovszky) 1888–1891
  • "A tengerszemű hölgy" (The Lady with the Eyes like the Sea), 1890 (Eyes Like the Sea, 1893)
  • "Gazdag szegények" (Rich Poor), 1890
  • "Nincsen ördög" (The Devil does not Exist), 1891 (Dr. Dumány's Wife, 1891)
  • "Rákóczy fia" (Rákóczy's Son), 1891
  • "A fekete vér" (The Black Blood), 1892
  • "A két Trenk - Trenk Frigyes" (The Two Trenks - Friedrich Trenk), 1892-3
  • "Fráter György" (Brother George), 1893
  • "Sárga rózsa" ([Yellow Rose), 1893 (The Yellow Rose, 1909)
  • "De kár megvénülni!" (What a Pity to Grow Old!), 1896
  • "Öreg ember nem vén ember" (An Old Man is not a Tottery Man), 1899
  • "Egetvívó asszonyszív" (A Woman's Heart Wins the Heaven) 1902
  • "A mi lengyelünk" (Our Man from Poland), 1903
  • "Ahol a pénz nem isten" (The Place Where Money is not a God), 1904
  • "Párbaj Istennel" (A duel with God) [3]

Referenca[redakto | redakto tekstin burimor]

  1. ^ Shih faqen në gjuhën angleze, Mor Jokai 26.04.2016.
  2. ^ Shih për këtë faqen me titull Halil Patrona 26.04.2016.
  3. ^ Shih faqen në gjuhën angleze, Mor Jokai 27.04.2016.