Përdoruesi:Tip.Scwein/Deplacement of albanians to Turkey

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There have been two major agreements aimed at displacing Albanians from their lands. [1]

EPARA, the Turkish-Yugoslav Agreement of 1938 and the second, Turkey-Greece-Yugoslavia Agreement on February 28, 1953 "> 1953, known as the Balkan Pact, are two unfortunate signatures for Albanians.

Based on the systematic research of both the Yugoslav and Turkish consular services (the passport sector), it is evidenced that in the period 1951-1968, from Yugoslavia to Turkey were displaced 414,500 Albanians ... while during the period in question (based on Yugoslav secret statistics) in Kosovo were brought In silence 63,000 Slavic columns, of which, after Rankovic's fall (1966), not enduring some kind of "equality" with Albanians, most of them guilty and criminal from Serbia.

Meanwhile, according to the statistics published later, it emerges that in the period 1952-1965 for Turkey were displaced: 452,371 Albanians.

In those years forced to move thousands of Albanians, mainly from Montenegro (from Hoti, Gruda, Plava, Gucia, Vuthaj, Ulqini, Tivari, Triepsi, Shpuza, Kraja etc.)

In the winter of 1955/56, it organized the action for the collection of weapons and during this violent process mistreated in the most severe forms of more than 30,000 Albanians.

In this Udbeske expedition, 103 Albanians were killed by beatings and tortures, while some 10,000 others were mutilated ... !!!

Scientific research on whitewashing a historical event such as the 1953 Turkish-Yugoslav Gendarmine Agreement between 1953 and 1953 between Tito and Kypreliu, although insufficient, still provide us with a good picture to understand this agreement.

It is worth mentioning the works of the historians of the Albanian nation such as: Fehmi Pushkolli in the work "People's Front-Socialist League of Kosovo", Jusuf Osmani in the work "Settlements of Kosova-Gjilani", Hakif Bajrami "The policy of the Albanians extermination and Serbian colonization Kosovo 1844-1995 ", Sabile Basha" Evictions of the Albanians and the colonization of Kosovo 1877-1995 "and in many researches of the scientific works which are the object of study this topic very important for the Albanian people.

All of these works and many other documents that we will mention in the fucnot are related to the agreement between Tito and Kypros. In this oral agreement even though no one knew what it contained, its consequences were immediately observed after the beginning of its implementation.

After 1953, "> 1953 began mass expulsion of Albanians to Turkey, which made this agreement clear. Serbian repression was followed by state instruments and organized by the Serbian-Yugoslav state.

Previously, there was an agreement between Yugoslavia and Turkey known as the "Yugoslav-Turkish Convention of 1938", which foresaw the expulsion of Albanians to Anatolia. The issue of the displacement of Albanians was almost silent as it was written and propagated by Serbian circles, allegedly for the Serbian-Montenegrin movement, which was nothing more than small, voluntary population migrations.

1953 Turkish-Yugoslav Agreement "> 1953

The breakdown of the Yugoslav-Albanian relations 1948 was exploited by Belgrade skillfully for prosecuting, arresting and mistreating thousands of accused "Stalinists" Albanians.

In the 50s, the Yugoslav state had forged a society of affirmation of the equality of peoples of this former federation.

Meanwhile, Albanians are sanctioned as a minority and thus become unequal to other peoples of this federation.

Rankovic's UDB police system put different pressure on Albanians, crushing them and narrowing their prospects, aiming to deal with Kosovo.

As a result of this pressure, many Albanians were registered as Turks and had a significant increase of the Turkish minority in Kosovo.

This process of violent declaration of Albanians as Turks was rejected by intellectuals: Zekerija Rexha, Mehmet Vokshi, Skender Rizaj etc.

To reward the position of state leaders of the former Yugoslavia, it was proposed that Çubrillovic be given the AVNOJ reward which was categorically rejected by the member of the Kosovo Academy of Sciences prof. Fehmi Agani.

Even after this period, especially after World War II, gunshot collection and other forms of pressure began to force the population to migrate to Turkey

Tito-Kyprili Split Meeting

1953 "> 1953 in Split met Yugoslav President Josip Broz Tito and Fuad Kyprili, Turkey's foreign affairs minister. They learned that the resurgence of Albanians to Turkey would begin again.

The agreement planned to continue the action of displacement of Albanians from Kosovo to Turkey under the 1938 Convention. The deportation of Albanians was foreseen to be through Macedonia.

This came to be implemented immediately after the break-up of the Yugoslav-Albanian agreement, with the pretext that they served Albania were sentenced and exiled to prisons over 500 Albanians who were sent to the Goli Otok family camp.

Since the goal of the expulsion of Albanians to Anatolia was not reached with the agreement "Gengëllmene", Serbia did not cease efforts to exterminate the Albanian people in Kosovo.

Agreement on Friendship and Co-operation Between Yugoslavia, Greece and Turkey signed in Ankara on 28 February 1953 "> 1953 became known as the Balkan Pact.

The agreement contains 10 points and assumed military character, but without influence and obligations, resulting from the North Atlantic Treaty of 4 April 1949 belonging to Turkey and Greece.

This agreement also provided room for other economic, technical and cultural problems

Yugoslavia to relocate Albanians from Kosovo wanted to establish closer ties with Turkey.

The ties had to be made by reactivating the Yugoslav-Turkish Convention of 1938 on the migration of Albanians to Turkey. In this spirit of cooperation between them was also the "Genghisella" agreement between Yugoslavia and Turkey. The issue of displacement of Albanians was promoted by Yugoslavia through the Turkish press. In the period 1955-1957, as a result of the agreement "Gentëllmene", Serbian authorities in the assembled political processes brutally beat about 30,000 Albanians, 300 of whom died of injuries.

As a result, over 60,000 Albanians were forcibly turquoised for a short time, and over 250,000 Albanians migrated to Turkey.

By the end of 1944, Albanians began to flee to the mountains and to Albania, even migrating all over the country. Albanians to oppose the Yugoslav re-establishment also organized illegal movements.

In the official statement, issued on January 29, 1953, "> 1953 on Split talks, the two delegations concealed the agreement" Gemlaltenen "and referred to parliamentary co-operation and the Balkan Pact issue. With this agreement Tito realized the dream of Serbs for the displacement of Albanians from Kosovo, while Turkey gained vital residents and fonancial means.

Every Albanian would be declared dangerous and suspicious of the country's security, especially the intellectuals with whom the prisons filled and after that the Turkish nationality was invented.

The Autonomous Province of Kosovo and Metohija enjoyed the right of a legislative and executive body and representation in both Serbia and the Federal Assembly, but not the rule of law in 1953 "> 1953 she lost contact with the federation and remained only within the Serbia.

Exercising violence against Albanians

The violent collectivism of a part of the lands of Kosovo's peasantry as well as the mismanagement and misuse of the Serbian Serbs deeply touched the Albanian national tradition. In the function of the Albanian migration was adopted the law of the 5 year plan 1947-1951.

Yugoslav power, in addition to economic violence and kneeling, deeply touched national feelings, past and historical traditions. It reduced the opening of schools and educational and cultural institutions, even denying the origin of the Albanian people.

The Titans, on the other hand, made themselves, drove over 18% of the Albanian population from Yugoslavia to Anatolia.

The whole event was the result of the Yugoslav-Turkish "Gendarmenian" deal, which was only indirectly abolished after 1966 when 21520 court proceedings against Albanians had ended.

This was a large emptying of ethnic Albanian lands that had negative consequences for the economic, social and political life of the Albanian people. Only the high birth rate of the Albanians made it possible to preserve the ethnic structure and failed to plan for the Serb territorialization of the Albanian territories.

The Yugoslav government had formed a state commission for expulsion of Albanians in Turkey, consisting of: Aleksandar Rankovic, Krste Crvenkovski, Zvetislav Stefanovic, Vojkan Lukić, Marko Vuqković and others.

The Turkish government after receiving information that a Yugoslav staff was formed for the Albanian resettlement engages Hulusu Kejmon, for contact with Yugoslavia.

The communications were too secretive and were made through the Turkish document with extremely secret numbers and figures no. 3977/51, whereby Turkey initially initiated the actualization of the 1938 convention. Turkey had promised Yugoslavia that Albanians would decide on Myah's vilayet.

"After all these on 28 February 1953"> 1953, Koqa Popuvić and Hulusu Kejman signed in Skopje a new secret agreement to move all Muslims living in Yugoslavia to Turkey. Yugoslav Army for expulsion of Albanians in Turkey was legalized on 16 March 1955 ".

  1. ^ https://www.ikvi.at/?p=6156