Arriani

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Arriani i Nikomedisë ( /æ r i ə n / ; Greek : Ἀρριανός Arrianos ; Latin: Lucius Flavius Arrianus  ; [1] rr. 86/89 – rr. after 146/160 AD ) [2] ishte një historian grek, nëpunës publik, komandant ushtarak dhe filozof i periudhës romake . [3]

Anabaza e Aleksandrit nga Arriani konsiderohet si burimi më i mirë për fushatat e Aleksandrit të Madh. Sidoqoftë, kohët e fundit, edhe pse studiuesit modernë në përgjithësi kanë preferuar Arrianin në burimet e tjera parësore ekzistuese, ky qëndrim ndaj Arrianit ka filluar të ndryshojë në dritën e studimeve në metodën e Arrianit. [4] [5] Në veprat e Arrianit gjenden të dhëna të rendësishme edhe për ilirët.

Veprat[Redakto | Redakto nëpërmjet kodit]

  • Homiliai Epiktetou
  • Anabaza e Aleksandrit (Ἀλεξάνδρου Ἀνάβασις)
  • Parthica
  • Bithyniaca
  • Nicomediensis Scripta minora
  • Indica (Ἰνδική)
  • Techne Taktike (Τέχνη τακτική)
  • Kynēgetikos
  • Ektaxis kata Alanon
  • Periplusi i Detit të Zi (Περίπλους τοῦ Εὐξείνου Πόντου)

Literatura[Redakto | Redakto nëpërmjet kodit]

  • Arrian, The Campaigns of Alexander, translated by Aubrey de Sélincourt, Penguin Classics, 1958 and numerous subsequent editions.
  • Phillips, A. A., and M. M. Willcock (eds.). Xenophon and Arrian On Hunting with Hounds. Cynegeticus. Oxford: Aris & Phillips, 1999.  ISBN 0-85668-706-5.
  • P. A. Stadter, Arrian of Nicomedia, Chapel Hill, 1980.
  • R. Syme, 'The Career of Arrian', Harvard Studies in Classical Philology vol.86 (1982), pp. 171–211.
  • E. L. Wheeler, Flavius Arrianus: a political and military biography, Duke University, 1977.nn
  • Cartledge, Paul; Romm, James S.; Strassler, Robert B.; Pamela Mensch (2010). The Landmark Arrian: The Campaigns of Alexander. New York: Pantheon. ISBN 978-0-375-42346-8. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  • Yardley, J. & Heckel, W. (2004) The History of Alexander, Penguin, London, pp. 5 & 269.
  • Brodersen, K. (2017) Arrianos / Asklepiodotos: Die Kunst der Taktik. Greek and German, De Gruyter, Berlin.

Referimet[Redakto | Redakto nëpërmjet kodit]

  1. ^ Stadter's suggestion that his official name was Lucius Flavius Arrianus Xenophon (Stadter, Philip (1967). "Flavius Arrianus: The New Xenophon". Greek, Roman and Byzantine Studies. Marrë më prill 14, 2016. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  2. ^ FW Walbank (nëntor 1984). F. W. Walbank (red.). The Cambridge Ancient History. Cambridge University Press, 6 Sep 1984. ISBN 0-521-23445-X. Marrë më 2015-04-01. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  3. ^ "Arrian". www.britannica.com. Marrë më 2010-01-07. Arrian (born c. ad 86, Nicomedia, Bithynia [now İzmit, Tur.] died c. 160, Athens? [Greece]) Greek historian and philosopher who was one of the most distinguished authors of the 2nd-century Roman Empire. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) Wolfgang Haase; Hildegard Temporini (1990). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung, Volume 2;Volume 34. Walter de Gruyter. fq. 228. ISBN 3-11-010376-1. Arrian was of Greek stock, from the provincial aristocracy of Bithynia. His full name, L. Flavius Arrianus, demonstrates that he was a Roman citizen and suggests that the citizenship went back several generations, probably to the triumphal period. Arrian’s home city was the Bithynian capital, Nicomedia, where he held the priesthood of Demeter and Kore, its patron deities. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) Arrian; Sélincourt, Aubrey De (1971). The campaigns of Alexander. Penguin Classics. fq. 13. ISBN 0-14-044253-7. Flavius Arrianus Xenophon, to give him his full name, was a Greek, born at Nicomedia, the capital of the Roman province of Bithynia, probably a few years before A.D. 90. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!) Grant, Michael (1992). Readings in the classical historians. Scribner's. fq. 544. ISBN 0-684-19245-4. ARRIAN: GREEK HISTORIAN Arrian was an approximate contemporary of Appian, born about AD 95. Like him a Greek, he came from Nicomedia (İzmit) in Bithynia (north-western Asia-Minor) where his family was prominent. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  4. ^ Heckel, Waldemar (2004). The History of Alexander. Penguin. fq. 5 & 269. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)
  5. ^ Bosworth, A.B. (1976). "Errors in Arrian". Classical Quarterly. 26: 117–139. doi:10.1017/s0009838800033905. Mungon ose është bosh parametri |language= (Ndihmë!)